Gonioscopy is a procedure during which the optometrist uses a special lens (goniolens) in conjunction with the slit lamp microscope to visualize the iridocorneal angle (anatomical angle formed between the iris and the cornea within the eye). Viewing the anatomic structure of this region of the eye is particularly important in diagnosing and monitoring eye conditions which may lead to or be associated with glaucoma.

The procedure is quick and painless and involves the use of a topical anaesthetic via an eye drop. The goniolens is then placed gently onto the anaesthetised eye and the optometrist uses the slit lamp microscope to view the anterior chamber angle looking for any abnormalities. This process can be videoed or photographed using anterior imaging to document the results

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